HISTORY 102:MODERN EUROPE              COURSE SYLLABUS             SPRING 1999
  Instructor:    Dr. A. McCandless
 Office:   327 Maybank Building
 Telephone:  952-8025/953-5711
 E-mail: mccandlessa@cofc.edu
Web: https://www.cofc.edu/~mccandla/amym.htm
 Office Hours:   11 am - 12 noon MWF; 2-3 pm TR

Required Readings
Perry, Western Civilization: Ideas, Politics and Society, Vol. II, 5th edition
Kishlansky, Sources of the West: Readings in Western Civilization, Vol. II, 3rd edition
Voltaire, Candide
Crichton, The Great Train Robbery
Wiesel, Night
Handouts as provided
Web pages as indicated

Purpose of the Course
History is the study of the past in its entirety.  It looks at the politics, economics, ideologies, and societies of peoples and cultures.  There is no one "true" history.  Different writers from different regions and different eras not only interpret the same "facts" differently, but they also define the historical "process" differently.

This semester's class will stress the role of ideas in history.  Readings, lectures, and assignments will focus on those ideologies which have influenced the development of the modern world.  We will explore the philosophies of nationalism, liberalism, and socialism because they have shaped our current institutions and values.  We will study the industrial revolution and the growth of nation-states because they are the basis of our modern industrial society.  We will discuss the rise and decline of Europe, the divergence and convergence of East and West, and the ebb and flow of imperialism because they help explain recent economic and political developments.

It is impossible to cover every detail of life in every European country from 1715 to 1999 in one semester.  Subsequently, the course will concentrate on the significant ideas which influenced thought and policy in the major European countries in the period.  In the process we hope to achieve a better understanding of the present as well as the past.

Course Requirements
Journal.  Every student will be expected to keep a journal summarizing and analyzing the ideas raised in the readings.  Journals will include primary document analyses from Kishlansky [See Primary Document Worksheet]; thematic essays on Candide, The Great Train Robbery, and Night [See Thematic Essays Worksheet]; quizzes; class worksheets; and class notes. Because a knowledge of geography is essential to understanding historical developments, you will be asked to label maps of Europe in 1815, 1926, and 1999.  Short quizzes will also be given on discussion material in Voltaire, Crichton, and Wiesel.  Worksheets on films will also count as quiz grades. Since I drop the two lowest grades from your journal, there will be NO MAKE UPS for quizzes.  You may use your journals for quizzes and examinations; thus, it is to your benefit to have current and thorough entries.

Class Participation, and Attendance. Class participation and attendance improve the class (and your grade).  A considerable amount of lecture material is not found in the text or readings, and the discussions are designed to help you better understand the topic.  Seven points will be subtracted from your attendance grade for each unexcused absence.  Please feel free to ask questions in class or by e-mail or to come by my office if you are uncertain about material in the lectures and/or readings.  If you must miss a class for a CofC function, please let me know beforehand.

Oral Presentation. In addition to participating in class discussions of Voltaire, Crichton, Wiesel, and Kishlansky, each student must sign up to present one of the primary documents in Kishlansky. [See Primary Document Worksheet for specific details].

Tests and Examinations. Tests and exams will be based on material contained in the lectures, presentations, and readings.  There will be two hourly tests and a comprehensive final examination.  A note from the Dean of Undergraduate Studies is required to make up an examination.

Final grades will be based on a weighted average of the tests (30 percent or 15 percent each); thematic essays (25 percent); class work quizzes, worksheets, presentation, class participation and attendance (25 percent); final examination (20 percent).

The following grading scale will be used in determining final grades:  A = 90-100; B+ = 86-89; B = 80-85; C+ = 76-79; C = 70-75; D = 60-69; F = 0-59

Date            Topics, Readings, and Assignments

Jan 15          Course Introduction
                    Gustavson,"The Role of  Ideas in History"; Perry xix-xxxi

Jan 18          European Society in the Eighteenth Century
                    Catherine the Great, "Memoirs" (K 80)

Jan 20          Toward a New World View
                    Descartes, "Discourse on Method" (K 76); Locke, "Second Treatise Concerning
                    Government" (K 78); Perry 410-25

Jan 22          Ideas of the Enlightenment
                    Rousseau, "The Social Contract" (K 84); Montesquieu, "Spirit of the Laws" (K 85)
                    Perry 428-39

 Jan 25          Ideas of the Enlightenment
                     Beccaria, "On Crimes and Punishments" (K87); Condorcet, "The Progress of the
                     Human Mind" (K88); Maria Theresa, "Testament" (K81); Perry 439-56

Jan 27          Quiz; Discuss Candide
                    Thematic Essay Due

Jan 29          Film: Politeness and Enthusiasm
Feb 1          Origins of the French Revolution
                    Sieyes, "What Is the Third Estate" (K 89); "Declaration of the Rights of Man" and
                    Declaration of the Rights of Woman" (K 90); Perry 461-74
Feb 3          Progress of the French Revolution
                   Burke, "Reflections on the Revolution" (K 91); Perry 474-83

Feb 5          The Napoleonic Heritage
                   Walter, "Memoirs" (K 92); Perry 487-503
Feb 8          Map Quiz on Europe in 1815; Restoration Politics
                   Perry 555-63; Map 23.2

Feb 10         Origins of Industrial Revolution
                    Young, "Political Arithmetic" (K 93); Perry 507-16

Feb 12          Consequences of Industrialization
                     Smiles, "Self-Help" (K 94); Chadwick, "Inquiry into the Condition of the Poor"
                     (K 95); Engels, "The Condition of the Working Class" (K 96); Perry 516-24


Feb 17          Liberalism and Conservatism
                     Mill, "On Liberty" (1859); Perry 527-46

Feb 19          Nationalism
                     Perry 549-51, 563-74

Feb 22          "The Woman Question"
                     Austen, "Pride and Prejudice" (K 97); Henrietta-Lucy, "Memoirs" (K 98); Modern
                     Household" and "Mrs. Beeton's Book of Household Management" (K 99); Perry
Feb 24          Discuss: The Great Train Robbery
                     Thematic Essay Due

Feb 26          Socialism
                     Proudhon, "What Is Property" (K 101); Perry 546-49

Mar 1            Marxism
                      Marx and Engels, "The Communist Manifesto" (K 104); Perry 587-94

Mar 3            Darwinism
                      Darwin, "The Descent of Man" (K 107); Perry 579-87

Mar 5            Film: Darwin's Revolution in Thought

Mar 15         Imperialism
                     Hobson, "Imperialism" (K 111); Rhodes, "Confession of Faith" (K 112); Kipling,
                    "White Man's Burden" (K 113); Orwell, "Shooting an Elephant" (K 114); Perry

Mar 17         Film: The Magnificent African Cake
Mar 19         Unification of Germany
                     Bismarck, "Reflections" and "Speech" (K 106); Perry 603-13, 646-48
Mar 22         Russia in the Nineteenth Century
                    Alexander II, "The Emancipation of the Serfs" (K 105); Perry 745-49

Mar 24         Fin de Siecle Society
                     Freud, "The Interpretation of Dreams" (K 108); Perry 628-41, 684-708

Mar 26         Origins of World War I
                     Perry 613-16, 641-46, 648-52, 713-23


Mar 31         The Great War and its Consequences
                     Junger, "Storm of Steel" (K 115); Wilson, "The Fourteen Points"; Perry 723-41

Apr 2            The Russian Revolution
                      Perry 749-58

Apr 5            Map Quiz on Europe in 1926; Lenin and the Bolsheviks
                      Lenin, "What Is to Be Done?" (K 117); Kollontai "Theses on Community Morality"
                     (K 118); Map 29.3

Apr 7             Fall of Democracy and Rise of Totalitarianism
                      Keynes, "Economic Consequences" (K 119); Woolf, "Room of One's Own"
                     (K125);   https://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/valery.html

Apr 9            Fascism in Italy
                     Mussolini, "Fascist Doctrine" (K 120); Perry 769-75

Apr 12         Hitler and Eugenics; Film: Night and Fog
                    Hitler, "Mein Kampf" (K 121); Perry 618-25, 775-91

Apr 14         Discuss: Night
                    Thematic essay due

Apr 16         World War II
                    Churchill, "Speeches" (K 123); "Charter of the United Nations" (K 135); Perry

Apr 19         Cold War
                    Churchill, "The Iron Curtain" (K 129);Solzhenitsyn, "One Day in the Life" (K 126);
                    Perry 855-63

Apr 21         Building a New Europe
                    Perry 863-75

Apr 23         Post-War Culture
                    Sartre, "Existentialism" (K127); de Beauvoir, "The Second Sex" (K 128); Perry

Apr 26         The Collapse of Communism
                    Havel, "Living in Truth" (K 131); Walesa, "Way of Hope" (K 132);Gorbachev,
                    "Perestroika" (K 133); Fukuyama, "End of History?" (K 134); Perry 879-99
Apr 28         Map Quiz on Europe in 1999;  The European Community
                    Santer, "The Single European Currency"; Map 35.1

May 7          FINAL EXAMINATION 8-11 am

The Honor Code of the College of Charleston specifically forbids cheating, attempted cheating, and plagiarism.  A student found guilty of these offenses will receive a failing grade in the course.  Additional penalties may include suspension or expulsion from the College at the discretion of the Honor Board. [See the College of Charleston Student Handbook for definitions of these offenses.]